Solidaridad is a South African-registered nonprofit organization currently implementing a Strategic Partnership Grant with USAID's Southern Africa Trade Hub to restore soil composition and fertility and to enhance livelihoods through crop rotation in the Manica Province of Mozambique. The Trade Hub is working with Solidaridad to meet grant objectives for women’s participation and empowerment. Accordingly, the Trade Hub carried out a gender analysis to review the results of Solidaridad’s gender integration program and identify measurable gender integration/impact interventions that can be made.
Gender analysis fieldwork took place March 30 - April 3 in Mozambique. The Trade Hub collected sex disaggregated data and information through participatory methodologies: including focus group discussions, simulations, and exercises. A total of 141 people (84 men and 57 women) participated in the activity in the four districts of Barue, Guru, Mussurize, and Machaze.
Women primarily produce groundnuts for consumption and selling. One participant named Eva is a representative example. In 2014 she produced 200 kg of groundnuts, selling about half of that amount at market. Eva said that her husband (who has two other wives) controls the income from the sale of the groundnuts; she would like to receive soybean seeds and produce soy to sell at the market and keep the income for family expenses. According to the Trade Hub’s gender analysis, in the Machaze and Mussorize districts, only men received soy seeds.
All women who participated in gender analysis fieldwork indicated that they would like to receive more training on soy and groundnut production. They identified the lack of information (about production and price) and lack of markets as the major problems in the soy value chain, while identifying seed disease (plague) and lack of market as the primary problems for the groundnut value chain. Men identified lack of markets in the soy and groundnuts value chain and lack of access to credit in the groundnut value chain as their major constraints. Both men and women participants were largely unaware of the estimated price of soybeans at market. In general, farmers accept the price imposed by buyers for crops produced without any opportunity for negotiation.
The results of the gender analysis will be used to develop a curriculum for gender training targeting the farmer leaders and the extension workers participating in the program. Additionally, the gender analysis will provide concrete recommendations for improving Solidaridad’s ability to integrate gender into its work and improve the role of women in the soy and groundnut value chains.