Environmental degradation and soil loss is responsible for reducing productivity and yields of staple foods in the Manica province of Mozambique. Solidaridad aims to restore soil fertility in the Guro, Machize, Mossourize, Tambara, and Brue districts in Manica through crop rotation, introducing soy and groundnuts as rotational crops that also have economic value for household and economic use.
The districts targeted are characterized by inadequate diets within the local population, but improving the quality and volume of staple crops through rotation is expected to help.
Through this grant, USAID’s Southern Africa Trade Hub is working with Solidaridad, a development NGO with a base in Chimoio, Mozambique. Solidaridad is working with farming groups to promote crop rotation, increase seed multiplication, and introduce crops that can provide subsistence to the community as well as be sold for profit. The grant is supporting Solidaridad to improve soil structure and nutrition by rotating cotton and maize crops with groundnuts and soy, which will increase productivity and nutrition.
- Introduce crop rotation in cotton fields to improve soil structure and replace nutrients.
- Introduce soy and groundnuts to improve income and nutrient options households.
- Train smallholder producers in best agronomic practices to increase productivity.
- Establish a seed revolving loan and access to markets to smallholder producers.
- Thousands of smallholder farmers (rural households), of which 60% are targeted to be women and women-led households.
Results and Outcomes
- Thousands of farmers received improved seed through seed bank loans, received training on good agronomic practices and aflatoxin control, improved diets due to consumption of soy and groundnuts, and expanded revenue streams by selling surplus soy and groundnuts.
- Over a thousand farmer group members are expected to benefit from improved seed from revolving seed loan for soy and groundnuts in the 2015/16 season.
The demo-plots for good agronomic practices that were established through the grant are going to continue under the management of lead farmers with technical assistance from Solidaridad.
Photo: Farmers receiving demonstration of groundnut drying by raised bamboo platform to reduce aflatoxin contamination